© Glendon Mellow, The Flying Trilobite

Just do it?

(First appeared May 13, 2010)

“My heart goes out to the man…who, when given a letter for Garcia, quietly takes the missive, without asking any idiotic questions, and with no lurking intention of chucking it into the nearest sewer, or of doing aught else but deliver it… ”
from A Message to Garcia by Elbert Hubbard

We — and by “we” I mean we humans, we trousered apes — love us some unquestioning obedience.

garciaThe passage above is from a modern version of the unquestioning hero — A Message to Garcia. Published in 1899, this essay tells the story of Andrew Summers Rowan, an American military officer who took a difficult order in the run-up to the Spanish-American War and carried it out without asking (as the author put it) “any idiotic questions.” The order: Deliver a message from President William McKinley to rebel leader Calixto Garcia enlisting Garcia’s help against the Spanish. Rowan did so, impressing posterity in a way that probably surprised even him.

Never mind that the Spanish-American War is seen by the consensus of historians as one of the more shameful and cynical military adventures in U.S. history — quite an achievement if you think of the competition. The value of the story doesn’t depend much on the setting. I’m not even mostly interested in Rowan’s act (though Rowan, writing years later, was plenty impressed with himself). I’m interested in what our drooling admiration of the unquestioning obedience in the story says about us.

“No man, who has endeavored to carry out an enterprise where many hands were needed, but has been well nigh appalled at times by the imbecility of the average man–the inability or unwillingness to concentrate on a thing and do it,” Hubbard says in his essay. Among the questions that count as “idiotic” to Hubbard is any attempt to clarify an assignment. The greatest felony, though, is asking why.

In the Foreword to a later edition of the essay, Hubbard recounts with astonished glee the instant demand for copies in the millions. “A copy of the booklet [was] given to every railroad employee in Russia,” he says, as well as every Russian soldier who went to the front in the Russo-Japanese War. Then “the Japanese, finding the booklets in possession of the Russian prisoners, concluded it must be a good thing, and accordingly translated it into Japanese,” after which “a copy was given to every man in the employ of the Japanese Government, soldier or civilian. Over forty million copies of A Message To Garcia have been printed. This is said to be a larger circulation than any other literary venture has ever attained during the lifetime of an author, in all history,” Hubbard crows, “thanks to a series of lucky accidents.”

Like the accidental fact that it strokes our delight in an orderly world.

It’s easy to see why the powerful call unquestioning obedience a virtue. Garcia is supposedly assigned by U.S. military brass as required reading for the enlisted, for example, and I get that. CEOs buy copies in the thousands for their employees. But why do those of us at lower pay grades find encouragement and comfort in the idea of shutting up and doing what you’re told when it mostly ends up applying to us?

Same reason: The human fear of disorder. It’s an equal opportunity terror. Order means safety. The idea that someone somewhere has a handle on the variables and infinite wisdom offers a much more fundamental reassurance than the messy process of discourse, Natural selection has given us a fear of disorder, and questions bring disorder with them, so the confident following of the orders of superiors gets our slathering vote.

But what if the superior is wrong? What if the order is immoral? Look at those bent, disorderly punctuation marks, each one a curving road to hell. Just do it, and teach your kids the same — if you don’t mind having them follow a straight-road exclamation mark to the very dark side once in a while.

If on the other hand you want to raise powerfully ethical kids, teach them to ask those “idiotic” questions — and to insist on knowing the reasons behind what they are told to be and do.

Full text of Message to Garcia, with Author’s Foreword

See also:
Best Practices 2: Encourage active moral reasoning
When good people say (really, really) bad things



This was written on Wednesday, 16. January 2013 at 13:01 and was filed under best practices series, morality, Parenting, values. You can keep up with the comments to this article by using the RSS-Feed.

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  1. I had to read that story as a new midshipman at the Naval Academy, and I think you missed the point. The lesson is not about blind obedience to orders, it is about initiative.

    It’s not that Rowan didn’t ask “why?” The lesson is that he didn’t ask, “Where is Garcia? How do I find him? What if I can’t find him? How long should I look for him? Who should I take with me?” etc, etc.

    In fact, for the rest of my time at Annapolis the phrase “Message to Garcia” was shorthand for “you’re a big boy, go figure it out for yourself.”

    If anything, the story was more often abused as an excuse for not giving enough guidance to a subordinate. I never saw it held up as an example of not questioning authority. As far as “What if the order is immoral?”: all service members are taught early in their training that it is their duty to disobey “unlawful orders”.

    At least that’s my experience with the story. Perhaps others have taken a different lesson.

    Comment: Robbo – 16. January 2013 @ 1:49 pm

  2. Thanks Robbo. I can certainly see that interp as well — though in the business world (in which I partly work), it’s the unquestioning that’s very often underlined and prized.

    Comment: Dale – 16. January 2013 @ 3:05 pm

  3. Thanks!

    That’s sad to hear, but then again I haven’t had a job in the “business world” since getting $4.10 an hour in 1986, lol.

    Maybe you can check with the Naval Academy Freethinkers and Atheists
    https://www.facebook.com/groups/120349648055271/ to see what they think about ‘Message to Garcia’ today.

    Comment: Robbo – 16. January 2013 @ 6:05 pm

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